The independent review, due to report next spring, is future oriented and is looking at how to build on the UK’s strengths in responding to disasters, including exploring new technologies and partnerships, how to maximise local capacity and resilience, and examining how the UK, UN, and the international community can work together more effectively when responding to disasters and conflicts around the globe.
The numbers of people affected by disasters are predicted to increase from some 250 million a year at the moment to 375 million by 2015. The review will propose innovative ways of working on how to best respond to these emergencies of the future to ensure maximum help for people affected by disasters, and further improve value for money for beneficiaries and UK taxpayers.
In Pakistan, Lord Ashdown has visited flood affected areas near Sukkur in Sindh, and met with people at regional and national level, including: General Nadeem (who is leading the Government of Pakistan’s flood response); UN representatives; Non-Government Organisations; other donors; the UK flood response team; as well as people affected by the floods.
Speaking from Pakistan, Lord Ashdown said:
"This week I’ve seen some of the flooded areas of Pakistan. It’s absolutely immense. I expected there to be challenges, but the scale of this has challenged everyone – from the international community to the Government of Pakistan.
"This is a huge humanitarian crisis. At the same time people in Haiti continue to need a huge amount of help and resources. It’s very difficult to respond to two or three disasters at the same time - but that’s what the future is increasingly going to be. The fact is these disasters are going to get more frequent and more severe, so we have to think afresh, and ensure that everyone is working together as best they can. That’s what this review is about, that’s why we’re here."
The devastating floods in Pakistan have affected 20 million people, and nearly two million homes; 10,000 schools; hundreds of bridges, roads, electricity pylons; and more than two million hectares of crops have been destroyed or damaged, as well as one million farm animals and six million poultry lost.
Lord Ashdown continued:
"I take pride in the fact that the British people have shown such enormous generosity in their response. This is all the more remarkable considering that many families at home are worried about their own finances, their own futures, as we emerge from one of the deepest recessions in living memory. I can tell them, from what I’ve seen, the money they have donated directly, and which the British government has donated on their behalf, really is making a difference - a difference literally between life and death.
"But, and here's the crucial point, we owe it to the millions of people here in Pakistan who need our help, and to the millions of people back home who have stepped up to deliver that help, we owe it to them to ensure that every penny they have donated is properly spent, that it is saving lives, and that we build on the good work DFID is already doing. And that is what this independent review which the UK government has asked me to lead is all about."
Lord Ashdown is accompanied in Pakistan by Ross Mountain, independent Director of the HERR, who spent most his career with the United Nations working on humanitarian, recovery and development operations. They will report back to the Department for International Development next spring. Pakistan floods will be used as one of several case studies we are looking at in the review, which will focus on:
Ensuring value for money and impact
Skills and expertise
Coordination with UN, humanitarian organisations, and the private sector
Delivery of aid
Coordination with the rest of government
The role of the private sector
How we can prepare for future disasters better
The Humanitarian Emergency Response Review was commissioned in July 2010 by the Secretary of State for International Development Andrew Mitchell. For more details about the Review please visit:
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